100397 | ITALY. Papal States. Pope Gregorius XIII bronze Medal.
100397 | ITALY. Papal States. Pope Gregorius XIII bronze Medal. Dated 1572 (though a 19th-century striking). The St. Bartholomew's Day massacre of the Huguenots (31mm, 11.86, 12h). After G. F. Bonzagni.
GREGORIVS XIII PONT MAX AN I, bust left, wearing camauro and mozzetta / VGONOTTORVM • STRAGES • 1572 (the massacre of the Huguenots), angel (personification of the Church) right, holding sword and cross, attacking the Huguenots to right. Edge: Plain.
Cf. Mazio 110; cf. Lincoln 697-9. Choice About Uncirculated. Rich brown surfaces, with an alluring underlying luster. Compare to a similar example which realized a hammer of $207 in CNG Electronic Auction 210 (13 May 2009), lot 375.
Best known for his reformation of the Gregorian calendar, Pope Gregorius XIII sought wide reform for the Church itself. The Index of Forbidden Books was updated and the Consistories were abolished and replaced with the College of Cardinals. In order to raise money for his many public and cultural improvements, he confiscated numerous properties, alienating much of the gentry and noble families and plunged the papal states into near-anarchy until his death.
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